سی ام مرداد 1392

story

Two friends, Sam and Mike, were riding on a bus. Suddenly the bus stopped and bandits got on. The bandits began robbing the passengers. They were taking the passengers‟ jewelry and watches. They were taking all their money, too. Sam opened his wallet and took out twenty dollars. He gave the twenty dollars to Mike Why are you giving me this money?” Mike asked Last week I didn‟t have any money, and you loaned me twenty dollars, remember?” Sam said. “Yes, I remember,” Mike said. " I‟m paying you back,” Sam said

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سی ام مرداد 1392

معرفی سایت

سایت سخنرانیهای علمی پژوهشی


TED.com

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بیست و نهم مرداد 1392

task 2 IELTS writing

When a country develops its technology, the traditional skills and ways of life die out. It is pointless to try and keep them alive.To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Nowadays, technological advances and their rapid and wide applications are having a significant impact on a nation’s traditional skills and ways of life. Some argue that such impact is so extraordinary that it would make conventional skills and life styles obsolete. However, I believe they would continue to thrive by providing alternatives to modern ways of life, and innovative ideas for modern technologies.

First of all, traditional skills and ways of life are becoming an alternative solution to the problems caused by “mainstreamed” ways of life which are greatly influenced by modern technologies. For instance, a cozy restaurant where traditional, home-brewed beer is served, offers another experience to people who are bored with branded beers that have the same flavor and come out of mass production with new technologies. It is in such a venue where traditional skills are preserved, people become relaxed and educated. Providing diversity and thus enriching modern ways of life, such traditional skills and ways of life would continue to have their place.

Furthermore, conventional skills provide innovative ideas to the development of modern technologies. For example, sparkled by how the word “Love” is traditionally knitted into a sweater by some ethnic minority women in some parts of Asia, some business managers from textile industry have developed some production lines by applying the traditional skills to Computer-Aided Designs (CAD). The products have boosted the companies’ sales which in turn have increased their investment in preserving traditional skills for further developing their technologies.

To conclude, traditional skills and life styles are increasingly becoming a useful alternative to the homogeneity brought by global applications of modern technologies. However, the evolution of technologies is a selection process, whereby some would become obsolete, but there is no doubt that some would thrive when their roles are appreciated.

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بیست و نهم مرداد 1392

Writing task 2 topic


Even though developing countries receive financial help, poverty is still an issue. Some say they should be receiving other kind of help, to eliminate poverty. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give examples and suggest what other form of help can be offered.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task and write at least 250 words.

Introduction – version 1

Millennia have passed but the problem of poverty still hounds mankind. So-called developed countries have largely tamed this issue; however, developing countries are still suffering despite receiving billions of dollars in the form of international aid. It is clear that simply providing monetary assistance will not be sufficient and radical approach is required on the part of the rich nations to deal with the menace of poverty in the Third World.

Introduction – version 2

In the wake of the present financial crisis that has swept across most of the rich world, questions are being raised as to why governments of these nations are giving financial aid to the developing countries when this money yields little tangible results. Intelligentsia has proposed non-monetary measures to help poor countries deal with the problem of poverty more effectively. I sincerely agree that the age-old system of pouring money into the bottomless pit of developing nations should be changed for good.

Argument 1

Poverty alleviation programs are nothing less than large scale national projects. In most of the cases, developing countries lack experience to implement these projects. Rich nations, with their proven track record in such ventures, can provide great help by providing the know-how and guidance in implementation of the right systems.

Argument 2

The root cause of poverty is not shortage of money but lack of knowledge on how to generate wealth. It has been aptly said, “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.” Developed nations need to take active interest in education and skill development of citizens of poor countries.

Argument 3

Programs that link aid to performance are bound to offer better results. The governments in the Third World have wrongly found a virtue in being poor, as they know they are likely to get financial aid on humanitarian grounds. This leaves them with no sense of accountability. If rich nations toughen their stand and provide aid only when improvements are visible, based on predetermined criteria, we are more likely to see reduction in poverty.

Argument 4

The whole practice of offering financial aid to developing countries has to be reworked. What are the reasons for a country like India, which is the tenth largest economy that rubs shoulders with powerful nations on several international fora, to continue being one of the biggest recipients of international monetary help? International aid agencies still provide financial assistance on the basis of the number of underprivileged people in a nation. This logic is flawed; hence, they need to devise new ways to help reduce poverty in these countries.

Conclusion

In conclusion, there is an urgent need to change the antediluvian system of providing financial aid to developing countries. Instead, education, skill development, and performance linked schemes need to be emphasized to bring hope to the lives of the poor in developing countries.

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بیست و هفتم مرداد 1392

IELTS

آيلتس چيست؟

آزمون آیلتس (IELTS= International English Language Testing System) جهت سنجش میزان آمادگی داوطلبان برای ادامه تحصیل، فراگیـری مهارتهـای تخصصـی و یـا کار و اقامـت در کشـورهـای انگلیسی زبان طراحی شـده است. ایـن آزمون مشترکاً تـوسط دانشگاه کمبریج، کنسول بریتانیـا(British Council) و مرکز آیلتس استرالیا در بیش از 500 مرکز در 120 کشور جهان برگزار می‌شود و سالانه چیزی حدود یک و نیم میلیون نفر در آن شرکت می‌کنند.

این آزمون در دو نوع مختلف موجود می‌باشد: آکادمیک (Academic) و عمومی (General Training).افرادی که قصد تکمیل تحصیلات خود در دانشگاههای انگلیسی زبان را دارند (کارشناسی به بالا) باید از نوع آکادمیک این آزمون، و افرادی که به منظور گذراندن دوره‌های کوتاه‌مدت فنی و حرفه‌ای، اخذ دیپلم، کار و یا اقامت قصد سفـر به کشورهـای انگلیسی زبان را دارند، می‌توانند از نوع عمومی این آزمون استفاده کنند.
 

آشنایی با بخشهای مختلف آزمون

در آزمون آیلتس کلیه مهارت‌های اصلی آموزش زبان، یعنی مهارت‌های شنیدن، صحبت کردن (مصاحبه)، خواندن و نوشتن (Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing) مورد ارزیابی قرار می‌گیرند. اگر چه دو بخش شنیدن و صحبت کردن در هر دو نوع آکادمیک و عمومی کاملاً یکسان است، ولی دو بخش دیگر (خواندن و نوشتن) بصورت جداگانه و متفاوت برگزار می‌شود.

جدول زیر مدت زمان تخصیص یافته به بخش‌های مختلف این آزمون را نشان می‌دهد:
 

Time to Answer each question

Number of questions

Total amount of time allotted

Sub-test

45 seconds

40

30 minutes

Listening

~ 45 seconds

40

60 minutes

Reading

30 minutes

2

60 minutes

Writing

 -

 -

11-14 minutes

Speaking

Total test time: ~ 2 hours 45 minutes


نمره قبولی

در آزمون آیلتس هیچ حد نصابی برای قبولی وجود ندارد، بلکه مؤسسات و دانشگاههای مختلف حد نصاب مورد قبول خود را دارند. اما بطور کلی 9 نمره یا band در نظر گرفته شده است که در آن نمره 9 عالی، نمره 7 خوب، نمره 5 متوسط و نمره 3 به پایین ضعیف محسوب می‌شود.

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بیست و ششم مرداد 1392

phrasal verbs

This is a list of common phrasal verbs, with meanings and examples.
A phrasal verb is a verb + a preposition or adverb. Preposition and adverb come after the verb. The combination creates a meaning different from the original verb.


ادامه مطلب
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هفدهم مرداد 1392

Home work Ordibehesht Institute



ادامه مطلب
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سی ام تیر 1392

homework

The speaking topics for the students of Ordibehesht Institute


ادامه مطلب
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بیستم تیر 1392

speaking topics for IELTS'class Ordibehesht Institute

 Describe a perfect vacation away from home. Please say

- What has to be taken into account to make the vacation perfect?
- Where would you go?
- Why would you like to travel there?

...........................................................................................................................

    If you were given a chance to do an unusual job, what job would it be? Please say

- Why do you think it is an unusual job?
- Where did you find out about it?
- What is so interesting about this job?

.............................................................................................................................

Talk about any historical event. Please say

What was the event?
- Where did it take place?
- When did it occur?

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یازدهم شهریور 1388

Aesop's Fables

The Wolf and the Lamb

Wolf, meeting with a Lamb astray from the fold, resolved not to lay violent hands on him, but to find some plea to justify to the Lamb the Wolf's right to eat him. He thus addressed him: "Sirrah, last year you grossly insulted me." "Indeed," bleated the Lamb in a mournful tone of voice, "I was not then born." Then said the Wolf, "You feed in my pasture." "No, good sir," replied the Lamb, "I have not yet tasted grass." Again said the Wolf, "You drink of my well." "No," exclaimed the Lamb, "I never yet drank water, for as yet my mother's milk is both food and drink to me." Upon which the Wolf seized him and ate him up, saying, "Well! I won't remain supper-less, even though you refute every one of my imputations." The tyrant will always find a pretext for his tyranny

برای خواندن حکایتها به ادامه مطلب بروید.


ادامه مطلب
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